Friday, February 15, 2019
The Failure of the First and Second Reconstruction :: American History
The Failure of the first of all and irregular ReconstructionThe prototypical and Second Reconstructions held come out the great address of rectifying racial injustices in America. The First Reconstruction, emerging out of the chaos of the courtly war had as its goals equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and use of public facilities. The Second Reconstruction emerging out of the booming economy of the 1950s, had as its goals, integration, the annul of Jim Crow and the more amorphous goal of making America a biracial democracy where, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave holders will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. thus far though both movements, were borne of high hopes they failed in bringing about their goals. natural in hope, they died in despair, as both movements saw many of their gains swear out away. I propose to examine why they failed in realizing their goals. My thesis is that ruin to incorporate economic justice fo r Blacks in both movements led to the failure of the First and Second Reconstruction. The First Reconstruction came after the Civil state of war and lasted till 1877. The political, social, and economic conditions after the Civil War defined the goals of the First Reconstruction. At this time the Congress was divided politically on issues that grew out of the Civil War Black equality, rebuilding the South, readmitting grey states to Union, and deciding who would temper government.1 Socially, the South was in chaos. Newly emancipated slaves wandered the South after having left field their former know, and the White population was spiritually devastated, uneasy about what nonplus ahead. Economically, the South was as well as devastated plantations lay ruined, railroads torn up, the system of slave aim in shambles, and cities burnt down. The economic condition of ex-slaves after the Civil War was just as uncertain many had left former masters and roamed thehighways.2 Amid the po st Civil War chaos, various political groups were scrambling to further their agendas. First, gray Democrats, a party comprised of leaders of the confederacy and other wealthy Southern whites, sought to end what they perceived as Northern domination of the South. They also sought to institute Black Codes, by limiting the rights of Blacks to move, vote, travel, and change jobs,3 which akin slavery, would provide an adequate and cheap labor supply for plantations. Second, Moderate Republicans wanted to pursue a policy of reconciliation between North and South, and at the same time ensure slavery was abolished.