Tuesday, April 16, 2019
Decision Making Models Essay Example for Free
Decision Making Models EssayManagers deport the responsibility of qualification endings within that guide and offer up direction to their organizations. Although decisions whitethorn be made by individuals, groups, or teams, it is the manager who coordinates the process of decision making. Managers coiffe use of various decision making casts to effectively steer the organizations. It is worth to noting that there is no whizz model or style that is always right or perfect in decision making. This is so because various people are successful and satisfied using different styles. There are 2 major broad models of decision making. These are the deterministic and probalistic models. The deterministic models result in ingenuous decisions with good outcomes. The manager using this model is able to get what he/she expects i. e. the out come is risk free. In probabilistic decision models, the expected results are uncertain and thus making good decision may not necessarily lead t o good outcomes. The probabilistic decision making model is characterized by much than concern with twain the outcome value and the amount of risk each decision carries.All other(a) effective decision making models can be classified as either deterministic or probabilistic model. The other subcategories of decision making models are mechanical, mental/verbal, analytical, and simulation. These models are classified based on such characteristics such as types, evolution in time, and availability of information (McCall M. , and Kaplan, R. (2001). ). Mechanical models take sensual appearance of the object. They are utilise to display or test the design of items ranging from new buildings to new products. affable/verbal models are as well important and can be used to verbalize decision strategies for more complicated decision making models. The other model is analytical model which is a mathematical model and aimed at simplification, abstract of real systems to give insight and u nderstanding to some interested aspect of naive realism (Klein G. , et al. , (Ed. ) (1993). The analytical models are applicable to the deterministic systems. A simulation model is the last model that I am going to address.Simulation models are the computerized duplications of real systems and are seen to be more realistic, especially when simulate dynamic/probabilistic systems e. g. as used in aviation industry. Current Application Decision making models have assisted managers a lot in making viable decisions within the organization. The models discussed above have been implemented by individuals within organizations to come up with good decisions. For instance, the mental/verbal model has been used to aid in problem identification, in the development phase as well as the cream phase of decision making.Decision keep back system (DSS) has found usage in air-line management. Decision support systems and the models have been used to make decision both under risk, certainty, and ev en conflict in organizations. some other applications of the decision making models include the DSS for fiber optic Network Architecture Design and application of applied science to cardiovascular diagnosis. Decision making models have also been used in forecasting with examples such as regression models and Box-Jenkins models.In brief, the use of effective decision making models by mangers has helped organizations to improve their businesses as a result of quality decision. The various effective decision making models used by mangers have both benefits and drawbacks or challenges associated with them. Mechanical decision making models have the advantage of being usable for experimentation. Mechanical models are credited for clearly describing the problem of system under study and thus results in innovative designs alternatives for decision making.Mechanical models also have some challenges in that they do not contain explicit relationships in the midst of the decision alternativ es and dependant variables or objectives Mental/verbal models make the manager unable to experiment with them and cannot be used to channelise how outcomes or measures of effectiveness change with decision alternatives. It is also not possible to show how the relationships change with the decision alternatives. These models have the advantage of being easy to understand. They are also based on many years of managerial experience (Klein G. , et al. , (Ed. ) (1993).The advantages of analytical models include that they aim at simplification and puzzle out understanding to some interested aspect of reality. They can also help to test the effects of different decision alternatives, constants and parameter values more easily than with any other type of model. They can also analyze complex problems efficiently and concisely, and in many cases provide the cheapest way to analyze these problems. Although they are the around prevalent models in use today they may not be easily accepted by managers who neediness training, experience and time to use them.Simulation models have a high degree of abstraction and as such many managers do not want to work with them. The reason of this could be lack of enough training in and exposure to those models. The other reason is that trained managers may lack equal time to pay attention to model. Despite these drawbacks the models are beneficial in the sense that in resemblance to the mechanical model they can facilitate experimentation because both the independent variables, dependent variables, constants and parameters are explicitly related by language of mathematics.